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The Saladoïdes and Arawaks Indians, from South America, arrived in Saint Martin about 1800 before JC. Arawaks were then invaded by other anthropophageous Indians: the Caribbean. They were decimated then little after the discovery of the island by the first European colonists.
At the time of its second trip to the West Indies, Christopher Colombus discovered the island.
November 11 1493, the Spanish navigator dedicates his discovery to the bishop of Tour Saint Martin, whose anniversary is this day.
The island is visited by many European nations: Dutchmen, Spaniards, Portuguese, French, English, Flemings. It is the great time of the corsairs and the "flibustiers", reducing the autochtones to slavery, they often bring them to other islands. Bad treatments and diseases decimate them very quickly.
Too small and not really interesting for the
conquistadores, the Spaniards left the island in 1648. During this year, Saint
Martin was occupied by 4 French and 5 Dutchmen, each government of these 2
nationalities signed a treaty in order to divide the island in two parts.
March 23 1648, the French and the Dutchmen stop the problem of their sovereignty by the signature of the Treaty of the Mont des Accords.
It is in 1776 that was built the Fort Saint Louis, perched on the hill overhanging the town of Marigot. It made it possible to protect it from the English attacks.
How to delimit the border of Saint Martin between French and Dutch part?